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Medicine exists as long as humanity exists

Medicine exists as long as humanity exists

The medicine

Medicine is a science that studies the health and illness of a person, defines the norms of these two conditions, and also looks for ways to maintain and strengthen health, cure the disease, and also prevent it from spreading.

History of medicine

Medicine exists as long as humanity exists. As soon as a person received one of those properties that distinguishes him from an animal - the ability to empathize - a desire arose to help the suffering loved one. Through observations, experiments with surrounding plants and objects, people accumulated an information base. These useful knowledge and skills began to be transferred to the elected members of the tribe - this is how the priests appeared.
Having very limited data (compared to today), and a natural human desire to unravel the essence of phenomena, the priests explained the onset of diseases by the penetration of evil spirits into the patient's body. So, in the interweaving of myth and real knowledge, medicine was born.


With the advent of cities, priests went to temples, but people needed daily — close and affordable — help. This is how secular medicine arose, and in the villages and among the lower strata of society - that direction, which is now commonly called "folk medicine", namely, quackery.

Great achievements were achieved by physicians of developed ancient cultures - Ancient India and China, Egypt, Ancient Greece and the Roman Empire. Consistently taking over the accumulated information, doctors improved their skills, deepened knowledge, transferring experience in books.

Awesome facts:

Already in the 5th century BC Chinese doctors performed operations under general anesthesia, and the patient was successfully disinfected.
Plastic surgery was performed in ancient India: doctors could repair a damaged ear or nose.
In Ancient Egypt, craniotomy was performed.

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