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The town of Tremp is the head and home of both the municipality of the same name as well as the county of Pallars Jussà, the judicial party of Tremp and the archpriest homonymous, belonging to the bishopric of Urgell. The territory of the town of Tremp presently constitutes an enclave of its municipality, separated from the rest by the territory of Talarn.

The etymology of the name “Tremp” has been controversial and full of doubts. At least until now, there is no single etymological explanation accepted by all specialists in the subject. Joan Coromines devotes a long article to try to bring light on the origin of the name of the Pallars capital. He discards entry that the origin is the Latin word templum, and, instead, opts for a non-Indo-European root of an itatic origin brought here by the first Indo-European colonizers, the sorotaptes that had been on Venetoligian soil before reaching the current Catalan speaking territories. Coromines also postulates that it goes before the denonym, trempolins instead of the name of the city Tremp, and that in this case it would be the other way round to what is common: the name of the city would refer to the name of its settlers.

In the false act of consecration of the Seu d’Urgell, attributed to the year 819, there is already the inscription that says Trimplo. In the later documents where the name of the city appears, it is already mentioned in the current form.

The village of Tremp, which became a city on May 27, 1884, has a very small, modernized area, the city grows, at the expense of parts of the Talarn district, as has been said before.

The medieval town had been formed in the territory of the canonical, antic head-dean of Santa Maria de Tremp or Valldeflors, and it consisted of streets with clear medieval layout, surrounded by walls, that Pascual Madoz had seen and described in its Geographical Dictionary from 1845.

However, it must be said that in many moments of history, the role of capital had to be disputed with Talarn. Talarn, however, always had a more political and military role, linked to the old Order of Susterris, while Tremp acted more as a civil and commercial city.

The old town was formed by two cross-shaped streets (Soldevila-Capdevila and Peressall) that are located in a small square, and even smaller, irregular streets that fill the four quarters in to which the city is divided. The street of Peressall runs from east to west; At the far east there was the gate of Peressall, demolished in 1915; the streets of Capdevila and Soldevila, which are a continuity of each other, make it from north to south. At noon is called Soldevila street, as it slopes slightly towards the lower part: the sun of the town; Towards north, it is the street of Capdevila, which rises slightly towards the highest: the head of the town. At the end of the street of Soldevila there was another entryway, which disappeared in 1903.

At the top of the street of Capdevila there was also a portal, and in Carrer de Sant Roc – continuing towards the west outer walls of Peressall – a fourth entrance to the town.

The urban layout, with two crossed streets forming four approximately equal parts, recalls the distribution of a Roman military camp. It is one of the hypotheses confronted when it comes to explaining the birth of Tremp; There are no archaeological vestiges that can corroborate it, for now, but it remains a plausible hypothesis. In the southwest quarter of the town market was celebrated, in the square that received the name of the Mercadal. With the growth of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, when the walls and portals of the town were destroyed, this Mercadal square was converted into a street, with an exit for the south. It became the widest street in Tremp’s old town.

At the northeast corner of the village’s enclosure was the parish church, formerly canonical of Santa Maria de Valldeflors de Tremp.

chernowa155 Чернова Лиза 22 фев, 15:43
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Vic is the capital of the Osona region, in northeastern Catalonia. Its geographical location, 70 kilometers from Barcelona and 65 from Girona, has made it one of the capitals of the interior Catalonia. It has a population is of 48,287 inhabitants (2018).

The name of this town was written for centuries with the Vich form, according to traditional spelling. Since the beginning of the 80’s, the official form is “Vic”, in application of the Orthographic Norms of the Institute of Catalan Studies. The spelling with final “h” remains in the surname Vich, and also it is the one that has the homonymous town of Arpitania.

Tourism attractions, architecture and what to see?

The Plaça Major with a Live Music Market venue

It is a city worth visiting, because it has one of the most suggestive medieval ensembles in Catalonia, which was voted one of the seven wonders of Catalonia in 2007. The center of the old town is Plaça del Mercadal or Plaça Major, where several modernist buildings, arcades and towers stand out. The Episcopal Museum of Vic has one of the best collections of Medieval Catalan Art and is declared a museum of national interest by the Generalitat of Catalonia.

Two of Vic’s most important monuments are:

● The Cathedral of Vic
● The Roman Temple of Vic

It’s argued which was the first cathedral church in Vic, St. Peter the Apostle or Santa Maria la Rodona. For centuries, the bishops celebrated the first Christmas Mass at Santa Maria, and the third, in Sant Pere. The very old church of Santa Maria, was reconstructed from the foundations by the canon Guillem Bonfil in 1140, and was consecrated after forty years by the bishop Pere de Redorta. He was assigned there in 1787 to make room for the new cathedral.

chernowa155 Чернова Лиза 16 фев, 14:26
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Els Prats de Rei

The city of Els Prats de Rei

The municipality of Prats de Rei, 32.76 km: of extension, with altitudes that oscillate between 600 and 700 m above sea level, is located on the Segarrencs plateaus of the Anoia region, in one end of the Central Depression and in the center of a small valley formed by the young river Anoia, beginning its descent into the basin of the Conca d’Òdena.

The municipal territory is of capricious and irregular forms, it is bordered by municipalities of Calaf, Sant Martí de Sesgueioles, Pujalt, Veciana, Sant Pere Sallavinera, Aguilar de Segarra and Rubió. The strange form of the district boundaries is due to the annexations of ancient quarters, districts and jurisdictions, and to privileges granted in very past times.

The municipality is formed by the Prats de Rei town, located in the center of the municipality, and by the urban centers and villages of La Manresa, Solanelles, Puigdemàger, Seguers and Quadra del Galí.

The economy nowadays is very diversified. It has gone from a quasi-total predominance of agriculture to a quite significant distribution in other industrial, commercial, service sectors, etc. In the village there are small industries of clothing, carpentry, sawmill, metallurgy, flour milling.

In commerce there has been a significant decline in recent years. Stores have been closed until they reach the current situation: three grocery stores – two of which are also bakeries – and a large area dedicated to the sale of clothes. There are also farms of pigs and rabbits.

About 60% of the land is devoted to the cultivation of dry land grains, mainly wheat and barley, although it is currently being experimented with other seeds such as rapeseed. Years ago, before the phylloxera destroyed the vineyards, wine production was quite important. Almost all farmers had planted vines. The local people still refer to their parcels of land commonly as “the vineyard” and many houses still hold a cellar and a winery. Recently, some young entrepreneurs have pushed the return of the vineyard to the area.

chernowa155 Чернова Лиза 16 фев, 12:16
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Manresa is a municipality and a city of Catalonia, capital of the county of Bages and central Catalonia. It is located in the Pla de Bages, near the corner where the Llobregat and Cardener rivers converge. With a population of 76,250 inhabitants in 2018, it is the most populated city of Bages and Central Catalonia. It is 65 km north of Barcelona, and marks the boundary between the industrial area around Barcelona and the rural area of the north.

The city forms a very important communications hub, accentuated by the Llobregat axis and the transverse axis, between the mountains and the sea, between the interior plains of Urgell and La Segarra and the eastern regions of the country. Regarding the economy, Manresa stands out in the textile, chemical and machinery industry, although in the last decades it has replaced the industry by the commerce. The city also stands out because of its medieval complex, with bridges over the Cardener River and its Gothic cathedral. In addition, in this city there are also baroque-style churches, as well as interesting modernist buildings.

During the French war, the Manresa subject was defeated by the French troops at El Coll del Bruc (June 1808), although the French, already in retreat, burned and demolished much of the city. After the expulsion of the Napoleonic troops, the Manresans rebuilt the city from the debris.

Main travel sights, architecture and waht to do?

The history of Manresa is marked by the different periods that the city has experienced. A legacy that today is explained through several hidden corners of history, such as Modernist buildings, medieval streets and Baroque houses.

Among all the interesting heritage and tourist attractions that the city has to offer, we present you the most outstanding places and monuments.

La Seu de Manresa is the main Manresa monument

The gothic church that we can contemplate today was designed by Berenguer de Montagut, who also designed works as important as Santa Maria del Mar in Barcelona. The architectural conception is characteristic of the Catalan Gothic: austerity in the decoration and predominance of the horizontal volumes, with a large nave width. The works began in 1325, but until the end of the 15th century the temple was not finished. The main façade is Neogothic, designed by Alexandre Soler i March and advised by Antoni Gaudí.

chernowa155 Чернова Лиза 14 фев, 11:19
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Castles of Spain: Castellvell in Solsona, Catalonia, Pyrenees

Castellvell (Castellvell de Solsona) is a castle located on top of a hill of 838 meters with the same name in the municipality of Olius in the Solsona district, three kilometers from the city of Solsona (Lleida, Catalonia).
The building dates back to the 11th century. This is one of the most important military fortifications and watchtowers in the north-west of the city of Solsona. This architectural monument was declared a cultural object of national importance in Catalonia.
The construction of the castle began on the order of Count Sunyer d’Urgell in 957. In 973, Earl Borrell II of Barcelona strengthened it as a military citadel to ensure the defense of the area. In the 11th century, Lord of Solsona Ecard Miró continued to strengthen the castle. The construction was completed (after his death) by the descendants Bernat and Ramon de Tarroja in 1217. The construction was completed when the heir of the Tarroch family, Agnes, married the viscount of Cardona, Ramon Folc IV de Cardona (1180-23 August 1241).
From the Romanesque period, a three-apse and west facing church remained in the complex, which corresponds to the parish church of Salsona San Miquel de Castellvell.
In the castle there is also a sample of the Romanesque chapel, but in the XV century the chapel was rebuilt in the Gothic style.

chernowa155 Чернова Лиза 11 дек 18, 17:09
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Ski resorts of Spain: Masella and la Molina

resorts of : Masella and la Molina. . Pyrenees.

ALP 2500 – this is the name of one of the most popular ski in Spain which brings together two ski stations on the Pyrenees – Masella and la Molina. It consists of 117 slopes of different levels (22 “green”, 40 “blue”, 39 “red” and 16 “black”) with a total length of 135 km.

Ski resort is located only 150 km from Barcelona and 70 km from Andorra.

Masella is located in the middle of a pine forest, the majority of the ski slopes turned to the North and at the same time to the sunny valley of La Cerfafia. The season here can last more than five months – this is the longest ski season in the Pyrenees.

ALP 2500 – how to get to?

GPS: 42º 20′ 03.90”N · 1º 56′ 04.59”E

By car:

From Barcelona (through la Via Augusta and Túnel del Cadí*) 140 km 1h30
From Barcelona (through la Meridiana и Collada de Toses) 144 km 2h05
From Barcelona (through Castellar de N’Hug) 150 km 2h10
From Girona 129 km 2h05
From Tarragona 188 km 2h15
From Andorra 70 km 1h05

*Tunnel tariff is 11.66 euro.

By skibas (fare is 44 euro)

Barcelona – Maselia: on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Sundays from 17.12.2017 to 02.04.2018 (24, 25 and 26 December, 1 and 6 January are the days off).

Bus stops:

Barcelona, Plaça Catalunya 19, Hard Rock Café (in front of Olivia Plaza Hotel) – 6.30

Sabadell, Millennium Park – 7:00

Terrace Hotel Don Cándido – 7:15

Manresa Av.Països Catalans (HyperMercard) – 7.45

Look for details about Spanish ski resorts:

chernowa155 Чернова Лиза 7 мар 18, 11:24
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Cheap accommodation: Andorra technology without mediator

Andorra without intermediaries

How can you the best for cheaper acomodation

and not be overcharged by agencies and online systems?

The majority of Andorra’s hotels (about 60%) are connected to the electronic system or However, these systems work with hotels on the principle that they receive a 5 to 15% commission. Meaning, by booking a hotel in Andorra through these systems, you’re paying 5 – 15% more for a room.

In addition, all hotels in the world when working with tour operators (and tour operators use electronic reservation systems) sell 5-10% more rooms than the hotel actually has in reality. This is a typical worldwide practice that has developed historically for the convenience of the client who books fast, with the drawback that overpayments are made. The main reason why hotels continue to do this is because there is a 60-70% customer refusal rate. The actual price at which the hotel wants to sell the room is significantly lower.

Look here how to save money for Andorra accommodation:

chernowa155 Чернова Лиза 23 фев 18, 12:19
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Excursions from Barcelona: Andorra

A visit to Andorra is one of the most exciting tour itineraries for tourists in Barcelona and in the nearbyMediterranean resorts of Spain. The tour duration – 1 day. The bus trip from Barcelona and back takes 7hours. The price of tour usually starts from € 70 for 1 person (group tour). There are also individualexcursions. You can book a tour at any tourist office in Barcelona or at the front desk of your hotel. Pre-booking for group tours is not required. There are also no discounts for advanced booking.

If you want to spend more than 1 day in Andorra, here are the direct web links to 153 hotels in Andorra for cheapest booking without intermediaries. Look for details here


Why Andorra?

Andorra – is the most visited country in the world, reported in the research of Priceonomics company (one of the leading US marketing companies) on the market in 2016 on the basis of the World Bank data. In this country, there are 32.4 tourists per 1 inhabitant.

Andorra – is one of the safest countries in the world. The crime rate in Andorra, including street crimes – pickpocketing, car theft and disorderly conduct, almost at zero point. “In 2016 we have only 43 prisoners in Andorran jail: 35 men and 8 women, mostly for drug smuggling and shoplifting”, – informs the Minister of internal affairs of Andorra Xavier Espot.

Look here to book an excursion from Barcelona:

chernowa155 Чернова Лиза 23 фев 18, 12:05
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Travel websites: Andorra

The Principality of Andorra is a small country that could be attributed to the group of European diminutive states together with Liechtenstein, Monaco and San-Marino. Alongside with that, Andorra is the biggest out of this group. The area of Andorra makes up 468 km2.

Annualy more than 8 mln tourists Andorra.

How to get to Andorra and save on the purchase of tour packages?

1. Visa. If you are not a citizen of US, UK and EU, you can get visa to Andorra issued in the consulates of Spain and France (Schengen) in your country.

2. Air tickets: The optimal way to reach Andorra – through Spanish border. The nearest international airport from Andorra – airport “Prat” in Barcelona. The cheapest air company that operates in Prat – is VUELING. In July 2015, the airport in La seu D’ Urgell was put in (Spain, 10 km from the border with Andorra), which started accepting commercial flights.

3. Hotels: You can book any hotel in Andorra here through direct web links to all hotels without intermediaries.

4. Spain – Andorra. Closest to Andorra major cities in Spain – Barcelona and Lleida (Lleida), about 200 and 150 km, respectively.

5. Skiing Grandvalira and Vallnord: Weather, technical characteristics, ski pass prices, equipment rent, , agenda, etc. All about Andorran ski resorts.

Best travel website of Andorra:

chernowa155 Чернова Лиза 23 фев 18, 11:45
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Ski deals. Best skiing in Andorra without buying ski packages

Ski deals. Best skiing in Andorra without buying ski packages

You can reach Andorra simply and quickly, without buying ski packages:

1. Ski deals: air tickets: the cheapest air tickets from many cities of Europe and Africa to Barcelona PRAT airport are available via VUELING airlines:

2. Ski deals: transfer: Barcelona – Andorra la Vella, Toulouse – Andorra la Vella, Madrid -Andorra la Vella: You can buy bus tickets from Barcelona, Madrid and Toulouse to Andorra without needing to book in advance (the approximate cost is 34 euros from Barcelona and Toulouse).

3. Ski deals: hotels: you can book any hotel at a cheap price directly through Andorra’s official hotel sites here

4. Ski deals: lift tickets. You can purchase a ski pass at the Grandvalira and Vallnord cashiers without booking in advance at a great price.


According to the Ministry of of Andorra, at least 80% of skiers save money and visit Andorra without buying ski packages.

Any on in Andorra, sightseeing, cultural life, restaurants, prices, etc. you can find in media page. Registration isn’t required.

Andorra skiing without ski deals:

chernowa155 Чернова Лиза 23 фев 18, 11:35
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