Properties of information Information, like any object, has properties

Properties of information Information, like any object, has properties, the most important of which, from the point of view of computer science, are: Objectivity. Objective information - existing independently of human consciousness, methods of fixing it, someone else's opinion or attitude. Credibility. Information reflecting the true state of affairs is reliable. Inaccurate information most often leads to misunderstanding or wrong decisions. Obsolescence of information can make unreliable information from reliable information, as it will no longer be a reflection of the true state of affairs.
Completeness. Information is complete if it is sufficient for understanding and decision making. Incomplete or redundant information may lead to a delay in decision-making or an error. The accuracy of information is the degree of its proximity to the real state of an object, process, phenomenon, etc. The value of information depends on its importance for decision making, problem solving, and further applicability in any type of human activity. Relevance. Only the timely receipt of information can lead to the expected result. Clearness. If it is unclear to express valuable and timely information, then it will most likely become useless. Information will be understandable when it is at least expressed in a language that is understandable to the recipient. Availability. The information should correspond to the level of perception of the recipient. For example, the same questions are stated differently in textbooks for schools and universities. Brevity. Information is perceived much better if it is not presented in detail and verbose, but with an acceptable degree of compression, without unnecessary details. The brevity of information is indispensable in reference books, encyclopedias, instructions. Logicity, compactness, convenient form of presentation facilitates understanding and assimilation of information.Information taken from the exchange website Author24:

nformation (from Latin informatio - explanation, exposition) initially - information transmitted by some people to other people orally, in writing or in any other way (for example, using conditional signals, using technical means, etc.), as well the process of transmitting or receiving this information. I. has always played a very important role in the life of mankind. However, in the middle of the 20th century. as a result of social progress and the rapid development of science and technology, the role of society has grown immeasurably. In addition, an avalanche-like increase in the mass of diverse I. occurs, which is called the “information explosion”. In this regard, there was a need for a scientific approach to I., the identification of its most characteristic properties, which led to two fundamental changes in the interpretation of the concept of I. First, it was expanded and included the exchange of information not only between man and man, but also between a person and an automaton, an automaton and an automaton; exchange of signals in the animal and plant world. The transmission of signs from cell to cell and from organism to organism also began to be considered as I.'s transmission (see. Genetic information, Biological cybernetics). Secondly, a quantitative measure of I. was proposed (the work of K. Shannon, A. N. Kolmogorov, etc.), which led to the creation of information theory (see. Information theory). A more general approach to the concept of I., as well as the appearance of an exact quantitative measure of I., aroused great interest in the study of I. Since the early 1950s. Attempts are being made to use the concept of I. (not yet having a single definition) to explain and describe the most diverse phenomena and processes.

News update 15.02.2020 (187)

The Pyrenees (endonyms: els Pirineus or el Pirineu in Catalan, Pyrénées in French, Pirenèus in Occitan, Pireneu in Aragonese, Pirinioak in Basque, Pirineos in Spanish) are a set of ranges (forming one mountain range) located at the north of the Iberian Peninsula and crossing the entire length of the isthmus that unites the Peninsula to the rest of Europe.

They extend from the Mediterranean Sea (Cap de Creus) on the east, to the Cantabrian Sea (Bay of Biscay) on the west; to the south, there is the depression of the Ebro and to the north the one of the Garonne.

The Pyrenees occupy the northern part of Catalonia, Aragon, Navarre and Basque Country; the southern parts of the North Basque Country (France) and Occitania (Bearn, Gascunya, and Languedoc); the west and south parts of northern Catalonia (France); and the whole of Andorra. The border between France and Spain mostly follows the Pyrenees. The Basque Country and Catalonia are located respectively at the west and east end of the mountain range.

The range is about 425 km long and has a width that generally does not exceed 100 km, with a total area of 19,000 km². The five highest peaks in the mountain chain are the Aneto (3,404 m), the Pocets peak (3,375 m), the Monte Perdido (3,355 m) (cat. Mont Perdut), the Punta d’Astorg (3,355 m) and the Pic Maldito (3,350 m ).

Despite its unity as a massif, it is often convenient to divide the range into differentiated areas depending on the context. According to the slope: the northern or the southern slopes of the Pyrenees; to the territory, the Catalan, Occitan, Aragonese and Basque Pyrenees; or even region: Pirineu d’Aude, Pirineu de Girona, Pirineu de Navarra. On the other hand, it can be divided in terms of altitude: the Upper and Lower Pyrenees, the Pre-Pyrenees (the lowest mountain ranges around the massif itself), or more proportionally the eastern Pyrenees, the central Pyrenees and the western Pyrenees. Finally, it is divided into climate zones of the Atlantic Pyrenees and the Mediterranean Pyrenees.пиренейские-горы-fe4a814585fлучшие-автомобили-мира-с-жорди-виларо-bd193ba0dd68


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